Современные китайско-американские международные отношения в условиях глобализации
(Стр. 28-38)

Подробнее об авторах
Смирнов Александр Владимирович проректор по административной деятельности, ассистент кафедры истории, философии, литературы и непрерывного казачьего образования
ФГБОУ ВО «Московский государственный университет технологий и управления имени К.Г. Разумовского (Первый казачий университет)»
Москва, Российская Федерация Ермаков Дмитрий Николаевич доктор политических наук, доктор экономических наук, кандидат исторических наук, профессор; главный научный сотрудник Управления по научно-исследовательской деятельности; главный научный сотрудник центра мировой политики и стратегического анализа
ФГБОУ ВО «Московский государственный университет технологий и управления имени К.Г. Разумовского (Первый казачий университет)»; Институт Дальнего Востока Российской академии наук
Москва, Российская Федерация Казенков Олег Юрьевич почетный работник сферы образования РФ; ассистент кафедры «Нанотехнологии и микросистемная техника»; научный сотрудник Управления по научноисследовательской деятельности; заместитель руководителя Технопарка «Полюс»
Инженерная академия Российского университета дружбы народов (РУДН); ФГБОУ ВО «Московский государственный университет технологий и управления имени К.Г. Разумовского (Первый казачий университет)»; АО «НИИ «Полюс» имени М.Ф. Стельмаха»
Москва, Российская Федерация
Чтобы читать текст статьи, пожалуйста, зарегистрируйтесь или войдите в систему
Аннотация:
Девяностые годы ХХ столетия привели к изменениям в мировой геополитической стратегии: место Советского Союза, выступающего второй мировой сверхдержавой, постепенно прочно занимается Китайской народной республикой, которая еще тридцать лет назад могла рассчитывать на исключительно роль регионального лидера. Развитие международных торгово-экономических взаимоотношений между США и КНР наглядно демонстрирует в действии гегелевский «закон единства и борьбы противоположностей» - обе страны, имея различные политические системы и общественное устройство, вынуждены выступать основными партнерами как в мировой экономике, так и в торговле. Инициатива в развитии торгово-экономических отношениях с КНР пока находится в руках США, которые, несмотря на наличие новейших технологий и выдающихся экономических достижений, все-таки, вынуждены считаться с требованиями своего китайского партнера по налаживанию равноправных партнерских взаимоотношений, неся как материальные так и репутационные издержки. США, на протяжении всей истории американо-китайских отношений, часто используют провокации и недружественные акции. Непоследовательная позиция США, в первую очередь, по поддержке Тайваня, затрудняет взаимопонимание и установление доверия между странами.
Образец цитирования:
Смирнов А.В., Ермаков Д.Н., Казенков О.Ю., (2022), СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ КИТАЙСКО-АМЕРИКАНСКИЕ МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫЕ ОТНОШЕНИЯ В УСЛОВИЯХ ГЛОБАЛИЗАЦИИ. Социально-политические науки, 3: 28-38. DOI: 10.33693/2223-0092-2022-12-3-28-38
Список литературы:
Joint Communique of the United States of America and the People’s Republic of China. Shanghai Communique. 1972, February 28. URL: http://www.china.org.cn/english/china-us/26012.htm (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Conference report filed in house. 24.03.1979. URL: https://www.congress.gov/bill/96th-congress/house-bill/2479 (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
The “Six Assurances” to Taiwan. 1982, July. URL: http://www.taiwandocuments.org/ (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
H.R. 4444 (106th): China Trade bill. URL: https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/106/hr4444/text (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
China GDP surpasses Japan, capping three-decade rise. Blomberg News. 2010, August 16.
Interview by Elizabeth C. Economy.Interviewee of Christopher Alessi. 14.03.2012. URL: https://www.cfr.org/interview/challenging-chinas-trade-practices (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
U.S. charges five Chinese military hackers for cyber espionage against U.S. corporations and a labor organization for commercial advantage first time criminal charges are filed against known state actors for hacking. URL: https://www.justice.gov/usao-wdpa/pr/us-charges-five-chinese-military-hackers-cyber-espionage-against-us-corporations-and (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
China halts cybersecurity cooperation after U.S. spying charges. URL: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-05-20/china-suspends-cybersecurity-cooperation-with-u-s-after-charges (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
U.S. and China reach climate accord after months of talks. URL: https://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/12/world/asia/china-us-xi-obama-apec.html (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
U.S.-China joint glasgow declaration on enhancing climate action in the 2020s. Media Note Office of the Spokesperson. 2021, November 10. URL: https://www.state.gov/u-s-china-joint-glasgow-declaration-on-enhancing-climate-action-in-the-2020s/(data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
This is historical material “frozen in time”. The website is no longer updated and links to external websites and some internal pages may not work. URL: https://trumpwhitehouse.archives.gov/(data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Trump orders huge tariffs on China, raises trade war worries. By Ken Thomas and Paul Wiseman. GMT. 2018, March 23. URL: https://apnews.com/73e5e5aa7be2408892e9904d642d2137 (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
USTR releases product exclusion process for Chinese products subject to section 301 tariffs. URL: https://ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/press-releases/2018/july/ustr-releases-product-exclusion (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
China strikes back at Trump’s tariffs, but Its consumers worry. URL: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/06/business/china-trump-trade-war-tariffs.html (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Trump: China, other nations have become “spoiled” on trade. URL: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trade-china-trump/trump-china-other-nations-have-become-spoiled-on-trade-idUSKCN1II2MD (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
China reacts to US tariffs on Chinese products. URL: https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/china-react-to-us-tariffs-on-Chinese-products/4470901.html (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Remarks by Vice President Pence on the administration’s policy toward China. Foreign Policy Issued. 2018, October 4. URL: https://trumpwhitehouse.archives.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-vice-president-pence-administrations-policy-toward-china/(data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hua Chunying making clear China’s position in response to US leader’s groundless accusations against China. 2019, January 28. URL: https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/xwfw_665399/s2510_665401/2535_665405/201810/t20181005_696937.html (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Chinese telecommunications conglomerate Huawei and Huawei CFO wanzhou meng charged with financial fraud Huawei Device USA Inc. and Huawei’s Iranian Subsidiary Skycom also named defendants other charges include money laundering, conspiracy to defraud the united states, obstruction of justice and sanctions violations. URL: https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/chinese-telecommunications-conglomerate-huawei-and-huawei-cfo-wanzhou-meng-charged-financial (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
S.1838. Hong Kong human rights and democracy Act of 2019. URL: https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/senate-bill/1838/text (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Communist China and the free world’s future Michael R. Pompeo, secretary of State Yorba Linda, California Richard Nixon presidential library. URL: https://2017-2021.state.gov/communist-china-and-the-free-worlds-future-2/index.html (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Fact sheet: Executive order addressing the threat from securities investments that finance certain companies of the People’s Republic of China. Statements and Releases. 2021, June 03. URL: https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2021/06/03/fact-sheet-executive-order-addressing-the-threat-from-securities-investments-that-finance-certain-companies-of-the-peoples-republic-of-china/(data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Panov A.I. Results of the Asia-Pacific policy of President D. Trump. 2017-2020. USA & Canada: Economics, Politics, Culture. 2020. No. 50 (11). Pp. 22-45. (In Rus.)
Notice of product exclusion extensions: China’s acts, policies, and practices related to technology transfer, intellectual property, and innovation. A notice by the trade representative, office of United States on 03.10.2021. URL: https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2021/03/10/2021-04946/notice-of-product-exclusion-extensions-chinas-acts-policies-and-practices-related-to-technology (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Hong Kong autonomy act update. Press statement Antony J. Blinken, Secretary of State March 17, 2021. URL: https://www.state.gov/hong-kong-autonomy-act-update/(data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Secretary Antony J. Blinken and national security advisor Jake Sullivan statements to the press. Remarks to the press Antony J. Blinken, Secretary of State National Security Advisor Sullivan Hotel Captain Cook Anchorage, Alaska, March 19, 2021. URL: https://www.state.gov/secretary-antony-j-blinken-and-national-security-advisor-jake-sullivan-statements-to-the-press/(data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Xi Jinping’s reply to Ms. Sarah Landy, a friend from Iowa, USA. URL: https://www.mfa.gov.cn/(data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Xi Jinping meets with UN High commissioner for human rights Michelle Bachelet. https://www.mfa.gov.cn/(data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
EU-China investment deal in doubt, businesses caught in geopolitical crossfire. March 26, 2021. URL: https://www.china-briefing.com/news/eu-china-investment-deal-in-doubt-businesses-caught-in-geopolitical-crossfire/? (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Remarks by President Biden and Prime Minister Suga of Japan at press conference. April 16, 2021. URL: https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/speeches-remarks/2021/04/16/remarks-by-president-biden-and-prime-minister-suga-of-japan-at-press-conference/(data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Chinese, U.S. senior officials hold video talks over economic ties Source. Xinhua. 02.06.2021. URL: http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2021-06/02/c_139984135.htm?mc_cid=9a689500f7&mc_eid=bfbb6731f5 (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Biden drops Trump’s ban on TikTok and WeChat - but will continue the scrutiny. June 9, 2021. URL: https://www.npr.org/2021/06/09/1004750274/biden-replaces-trump-bans-on-tiktok-wechat-with-order-to-scrutinize-apps (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Anti-foreign sanctions law of the People’s Republic of China (adopted by the 29th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People’s Congress on June 10, 2021). Browsing Font Size: Large, Medium and Small. 2021, June 10. URL: http://www.npc.gov.cn/npc/c30834/202106/d4a714d5813c4ad2ac54a5f0f78a5270.shtml (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Secretary Blinken’s Call with Politburo Member Yang. Readout Office of the Spokesperson. 2022, June 11. URL: https://www.state.gov/secretary-blinkens-call-with-politburo-member-yang/?mc_cid=405e08fb6d&mc_eid=bfbb6731f5 (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Carbis bay G7 Summit communiqué. Our shared agenda for global action to build back better. URL: https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/50361/carbis-bay-g7-summit-communique.pdf (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
U.S. bans imports of solar panel material from Chinese company. By Michael Martina, Karen Freifeld and David Shepardson. June 24, 2021. URL: https://www.reuters.com/business/us-restricts-exports-5-chinese-firms-over-rights-violations-2021-06-23/(data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
H.R. 1155 - Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act 117th Congress (2021-2022). URL: https://www.congress.gov/bill/117th-congress/house-bill/1155/text?__cf_chl_jschl_tk__=ik7j4zvvqmwofDbOJgIO8GWQSrySFSRlkbXxY6QHUF0-1639547319-0-gaNycGzNCb0 (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Commerce Department Adds 34 entities to the entity list to target enablers of China’s human rights abuses and military modernization, and unauthorized Iranian and Russian procurement. July 9, 2021. URL: https://www.commerce.gov/news/press-releases/2021/07/commerce-department-adds-34-entities-entity-list-target-enablers-chinas (data of accesses:14.04.2022).
Brussels Summit Communiqué Issued by the Heads of State and Government participating in the meeting of the North Atlantic Council in Brussels. June 14, 2021. URL: https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/news_185000.htm (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
The Tariff Rules Committee of the State Council announced the fifth exclusion and extension list of goods subject to tariffs on the United States. Office of the Tariff Rules Committee of the State Council. September 16, 2021. (In China) URL: http://gss.mof.gov.cn/gzdt/zhengcejiedu/202109/t20210916_3753343.htm?mc_cid=b694e108d7&mc_eid=9cddbf941a (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Exclusive Huawei gets U.S. approvals to buy auto chips, sparking blow back. August 25, 2021. URL: https://www.reuters.com/business/autos-transportation/exclusive-us-approves-licenses-huawei-buy-auto-chips-sources-2021-08-25/(data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
President Xi Jinping had a virtual meeting with US President Joe Biden. 11.16.2021. URL: https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/zxxx_662805/202111/t20211116_10448843.html (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
The debate over boycotting the 2022 Beijing Olympics by Lindsay Maizland Last updated. EST. December 6, 2021. URL: https://www.cfr.org/in-brief/debate-over-boycotting-2022beijing-olympics (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Rules committee print 117-31. Text of H.R. 4521. The America Competes Act of 2022. January 25, 2022. URL: https://docs.house.gov/billsthisweek/20220131/BILLS-117HR4521RH-RCP117-31.pdf (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
https://ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/press-releases/2022/march/ustr-releases-2022-presidents-trade-policy-agenda-and-2021-annual-report (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Russia asked China for military and economic aid for Ukraine war, U.S. officials say March 13, 2022. Et E. Wong and Ju.E. Barnes. URL: https://www.nytimes.com/2022/03/13/us/politics/russia-china-ukraine.html (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
President Xi Jinping has a video call with US President Joe Biden. 19.03.2022. URL: https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/zxxx_662805/202203/t20220319_10653207.html (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Zhao Lijian’s Regular Press Conference on May 11, 2022. URL: https://www.fmprc. gov.cn/eng/xwfw_665399/s2510_665401/202205/t20220511_10684604.html (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Department Press Briefing. Ned Price, Department Spokesperson. Washington, D.C. May 11, 2022. URL: https://www.state.gov/briefings/department-press-briefing-may-11-2022/(data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Joe Biden quotes about Russia. URL: https://ria.ru/20201031/bayden-1582421970.html (data of accesses: 14.04.2022).
Trush S.M. China - USA: Some features and aspects of the growing conflict. USA & Canada: Economics, Politics, Culture. 2020. No. 12. Pp. 45-61. URL: https://usacanada.jes.su/s268667300012647-1-1/DOI: 10.31857/S268667300012647-1
Ключевые слова:
торгово-экономические отношения США-КНР, торговые войны США и КНР, права человека в КНР, Тайвань, Гонконг (Сянган), «технологическая развязка».